Hydralazine is a commonly used oral antihypertensive agent that acts by inducing peripheral vasodilation. Hydralazine has been linked to several forms of acute liver injury as well as a lupus-like syndrome. Hydralazine Hydrochloride is the hydrochloride salt of hyfralazine, a phthalazine derivative with antihypertensive and potential antineoplastic activities. Hydralazine alters intracellular calciumrelease and interferes with smooth muscle cell calcium influx, resulting in arterial vasodilatation. This agent also inhibits the phosphorylation of myosin protein and chelation of trace metals required for smooth muscle contraction, resulting in an increase in heart rate, stroke volume and cardiac output. In addition to its Cardiovascular effects, hydralazine inhibits DNA methyltransferase, which may result in inhibition of DNA methylation in tumor cells.
It is soluble in water, slightly soluble in alcohol, and very slightly soluble in ether. It melts at about 275°C, with decomposition, and has a molecular weight of 196.64. Each tablet for oral administration contains 10 mg, 25 mg, 50 mg or 100 mg HydrALAZINE hydrochloride, USP. Tablets also contain microcrystalline cellulose, sodium starch glycolate, stearic acid, povidone K-30, colloidal silicon dioxide, mannitol and FD&C Yellow No 6.
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